Subject: _English language.__________________________________________________
Theme: Australia. Geographical position. Population. English Tenses.
Aims of the lesson:
1) Forming students’ vocabulary about Australia in accordance with the topic, improving the correct sound of speech and directing them to free speech with the correct application of grammatical rules.
2) Develop oral and writing communication skills, to improve pronunciation and translation skills and habits, to enlarge vocabulary.
3) Develop cognitive needs, motivate additional self-study and pair work.
The visual aids of the lesson: Pictures, tables, books, cards.
- Organizing moments. (15 min)
Good morning, students! Sit down! I am glad to see you!
We begin our English Lesson!
- Conversation with on duty:
Who is on duty today?
What date is it today?
What day is it today?
Who is absent?
Thank you, very much! Sit down!
- Creation the language atmosphere
What is the weather like today?
What season is it now?
Is it raining today?
ІІ. Checking the hometask. (15 min)
- What was your hometask for today?
- Are you ready?
ІІІ. Approving the hometask. (3 min)
Let’s play the game “Board race”. Divide into two groups.
|The 1st team.||The 2nd team.|
ІV. NEW LESSON:
Introducing the new lesson (20-25 min).
Australia is an island continent lying south-east of Asia and forming, with nearby island of Tasmania and a number of smaller islands, the Commonwealth of Australia. In fact, it is the only country in the world, which occupies the territory of an entire continent. The Australian Commonwealth covers an area of 7,7 million sq. km, the same as the USA (excluding Hawaii and Alaska) and is more than 30 times larger than Great Britain.
The Australian continent is bounded on the north by the Timor and Arafura Seas and Torres Strait, on the east by the Tasman and Coral Seas, on the south by Bass Strait and the Indian Ocean. Australia is the smallest continent and the largest island in the world.
The flattest of all continents, Australia’s most significant mountain chain is the Great Dividing Range (the eastern projection of which is known as the Australian Alps) running down most of the east coast. Other mountains include the Kimberley and Hamerslay Ranges in Western Australia, the Macdonnell and Musgrave Ranges in Central Australia, and the Flinders Range in South Australia. Mount Kosciusko (2230 m), in the Australian Alps, is australia’s highest point.
There are few rivers and lakes in Australia. Its best-known river is Murray (2600 km). The longest is the Darling (2740 km). These, with the Murrumbidgee, the Lachlan and a number of smaller rivers form the continent’s river system.
The isolation of the continent has resulted in the development of a distinctive Australian flora and fauna. This is reflected in the country’s coat-of-arms by the symbols of australia’s native animals and plants: the kangaroo and the emu and a twig of wattle. It is also reflected in australia’s poetic name: «Land of Wattle».
- Where is Australia situated?
- What is special about Australia?
- What is the country bounded by?
- What most significant mountain chain ?
- What rivers are there in Australia ?
- What do you know about australia’s flora and fauna ?
FUNCTIONS OF THE SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE
The simple future refers to a time later than now, and expresses facts or certainty. In this case there is no ‘attitude’.
The simple future is used:
- To predict a future event:
It will rain tomorrow.
- With I or We, to express a spontaneous decision:
I’ll pay for the tickets by credit card.
- To express willingness:
I’ll do the washing-up.
He’ll carry your bag for you.
- In the negative form, to express unwillingness:
The baby won’t eat his soup.
I won’t leave until I’ve seen the manager!
- With I in the interrogative form using «shall», to make an offer:
Shall I open the window?
- With we in the interrogative form using «shall», to make a suggestion:
Shall we go to the cinema tonight?
- With I in the interrogative form using «shall», to ask for advice or instructions:
What shall I tell the boss about this money?
- With you, to give orders:
You will do exactly as I say.
- With you in the interrogative form, to give an invitation:
Will you come to the dance with me?
Will you marry me?
Note:In modern English will is preferred to shall. Shall is mainly used with I and we to make an offer or suggestion, or to ask for advice (see examples above). With the other persons (you, he, she, they) shall is only used in literary or poetic situations, e.g. «With rings on her fingers and bells on her toes, She shall have music wherever she goes.»
|I shall write||I shall not write||Shall I write?||Shall not I write?|
|He will write||He will not write||Will he write?||Will not he write?|
|She will write||She will not write||Will she write?||Will not she write?|
|It will rain||It will not rain||Will it rain?||Will not it rain?|
|We shall write||We shall not write||Shall we write?||Shall not we write?|
|You will write||You will not write||Will you write?||Will not you write?|
|They will write||They will not write||Will they write?||Will not they write?|
- Approving the new lesson (15—20 min).
Exercise 1. Write in l’ll, we’ll, he’ll, she’ll, they’ll, it’ll.
- I’d like to see animals. I think _______ go to the zoo today.
- Wendy likes dinosaurs. I think _______ go to the Natural History Museum.
- We like dancing. I think _______ go to the disco.
- My parents want to buy presents. I think_______ go to the gift shop. ‘
- Jim likes walking. I think_______ go to the park.
- Put on your scarf and hat. I think _______ be cold today.
- I want to watch a cartoon. I think _______ go to the cinema tomorrow.
- Mike is ill. I don’t think _______ go for a walk with him.
Exercise 2. Put ‘ll or won’t.
- Lucy was born in 1995. In 2007 she ________ be 12.
- It’s sunny today. It ________ rain.
- Kelly is eleven today. She ___________ be twelve until next year.
- Rob is nine. He __________ be ten on his next birthday.
- This month is May. It________ be June next month.
- Jenny: ‘Mum, the bus is late. I _______ be home until eight o’clock.
- It’s 25 degrees today. It _________ snow tomorrow.
- I sent the letter this afternoon. It __________ arrive until tomorrow.
- Hometask (5 min).
Your hometask for the next lesson is to write an essay about flora and fauna of Australia.
VIІ. Giving marks (5 min).
I hope the lesson was interesting and useful for you. You’ve known a lot information about New Zealand. The marks for the lesson are…
Excellent Good Satisfactory
The lesson is over! Good-bye!